What is testosterone?

Testosterone is a hormone that is secreted by the interstitial cells of the testicles in men and by the ovaries and adrenal glands in women . Especially in humans, it plays an important role in the sphere of sexuality.

In humans, this hormone contributes to the development of sexual organs and secondary sexual characteristics (beard, hair, voice tone), promotes sperm maturation, sperm production and contributes to the enlargement of voluntary muscles.

Testosterone levels can fluctuate, for example, in the morning they are higher as well as following exercise.

Why measure testosterone?

This test can be useful for assessing hormonal function in men, for diagnosing hirsutism or polycystic ovary in women. Its levels are assessed within the diagnosis of conditions such as impotence or infertility.

Are there preparation rules?

Withdrawal is usually done in the morning. Your doctor will suggest if you need to fast.

Is it dangerous or painful?

The exam is neither dangerous nor painful. The tamoxifen citrate tablets patient may feel the tingling of the needle entering the arm.

How does the exam take place?

The examination is carried out by means of a simple blood sample.

More than double the risk of death from cardiovascular disease

«The data — says Bruno Giammusso, scientific coordinator of the congress and head of the Andrology Unit of the Polyclinic Morgagni of Catania — indicate that testosterone deficiency leads to a 2.5-fold increase in the risk of cardiovascular mortality in the following ten years, independently of others known risk factors such as age, smoking, alcohol, level of physical activity or excessive waist circumference. Finally, testosterone is also critical for bone health. 50% of the elderly with femur fracture have a deficiency. In addition, two patients with three deficits complain of movement difficulties such as tiredness, reduced muscle strength, anemia, osteoporosis of a degree that compromises the elderly’s self-sufficiency. The administration of testosterone to patients with hormone deficiency — he concludes — involves a significant improvement in the bone density index, until it almost resolves and normalizes the picture of osteoporosis: testosterone in fact helps to maintain adequate levels of estrogen and vitamin D В».

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